Volume 1
Issue #2
Sept. 1997
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ONLINE MAGAZINE FOR POST-HOLOCAUST ISSUES
ALEXANDER KIMEL - HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR
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GENERAL - INDEX

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WHAT'S NEW?
REMEMBRANCE
Remebr. Day
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Inferno
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The Shtejtl
World Collapses
The Russians.
Shtejtl survives
First Kaddish.
Out of the Grave
Yom Kippur Action
The Baby
Bunker Building
Bunker Collapses
I Almost Killed ...
Ghetto Escape
In Hiding
The Liberation.
UNDERSTANDING
The Killings
Why Jews?
Organizers
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War against Jews
Anti-Semitism
Victims of Antisem
The Worst Camp
HLC. EDUCATION
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Nazi Methods
Hitler - Syphilitic
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Himmler
Heydrich
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HLC PREVENTION
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Schindler.
Courageous Christians
Other Genocides
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The Last Sermon
The Jumper
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Shlojme the Balagule
The Fall of Sevastopol
MISCELLANEOUS
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HLC. PLAYS
The Verdict MAGAZINE
Vol.1 - Issue #1
   

BYSTANDERS - CROATIA

by ALEXANDER KIMEL

After conquering Yugoslavia in 1941, Hitler set up a puppet government in the deeply Catholic Croatia. The fascist government was run by the local Fuhrer - the Poglavnik. The Croatians created a paramilitary organization the Ustasi, who roamed the country and were killing the Jews and Serbs with unbelievable cruelty. The Fitzroy Maclean, a British emissary to the Yugoslavian guerrillas, describes the Ustashis horror:

The whole of Bosnia ran with blood. Bands of the Ustase roamed the countryside with knives, bludgeons and machine guns, slaughtering Serbian and Jewish men, women and little children, desecrating Serbian churches, murdering Serbian priests, laying waste Serbian villages, torturing, raping, burning, drowning. Killing became a cult, an obsession. The Ustase vied to outdo each other, boasting of the numbers of their victims and of their own particular methods of dispatching them. ...Some Ustase collected the eyes of Serbs they killed, sending them to the Poglavnik (Fuhrer) of his inspection or proudly displaying them and other human organs in the cafes of Zagreb. Even their German and Italian allies were dismayed at their excesses.

The cruelty of the Croatians is unbelievable. In the concentration camp at Jasenovac, it is estimated amount of people killed runs from 200,000 to 800,000. It didn't have the gas chambers and smoking ovens of Auschwitz, but it hardly needed them. The Ustasi murdered the inmates by more "efficient" methods: setting them afire, by poles, cutting them to pieces, by sledgehammers, by boots. Some survivors of the camps, described those methods:

We slept in mud. Whoever found a piece of wood board to lay on felt like a king.... The Ustasi would laugh while they hit the prisoners and would compete with one another to see who could do it the fastest, The prisoners could not contain their pain and would shriek like animals...Once a group of ten young Upstate guards came. We saw that they had just joined up. They came from Bosnia. They were young people and knew absolutely nothing about Jews . They began to ask us who we were and why we were imprisoned. After a couple of months...one member of this group boasted...that he killed the Jews with a piece of wood three centimeters long. He sharpened it on both ends and drove it into their mouths.

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