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HITLER AND THE JEWS
Written by Alexander Kimel - Holocaust Survivor.
There is no doubt that Hitler passionately hated the Jews. It was a subconscio
us need of finding scapegoats for his inner conflicts, and frustrations. Neither in the Mein Kampf nor in any Nazi literature can one find accounts of Hitler having unpleasant encounters, frictions or quarrels with Jews; it looks like that Hitler had very few personal or social contacts with Jews. In 1939 Hitler personally permitted Dr. Bloch, an Jewish physician to emigrate from Austria. Dr. Bloc was the gentle physician who provided intensive care for of his ailing mother, and on several occasions Hitler expressed his gratitude. Another Jew, who played a positive role in Hitler's life was his World War I commanding officer, who recommended Hitler for the Iron Cross. It looks like the Jews were for Hitler and abstract depersonalized evil, an mythological evil like the devil in many religions, nobody ever experienced the devil but in eyes of the believers it is a reality.
Hitler lived in Vienna from 1907 to 1913 and those were the most difficult years of his life. Hitler was trying to become an Architect or to make himself a name in field of arts. He was twice rejected from the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. The second rejection by the Academy was one of the most traumatic experience of his life; all his dreams were shattered. After discovering that four out of seven professors that rejected him were Jewish he blamed the Jews for his failure.
"Life in Vienna was very rough for Hitler. The winter of 1909 was a severe winter. He was at the end of his resources, his hands covered with chilblains, his stomach empty; he had been begging in the streets, but no one paid any attention to him. He had no overcoat, his feet were in bad shape, and he walked painfully and slowly."
Hitler was living a life on the periphery of the Society, eking out a meager living by peddling of his painted postcards, living in a flophouse. In Mein Kampf Hitler wrote:
"To me Vienna, the city which, to so many, is the epitome of innocent pleasure, a festive playground for merrymakers, represents, I am sorry to say, merely the living memory of the saddest period of my life. ... Five years in which I was forced to earn a living, first as a day laborers, then as a small painter; a truly meager living which never sufficed to appease even my daily hunger. Hunger was then my faithful bodyguard. .....The uncertainty of earning my dally bread soon seemed to me one of the darkest sides of my new life.
Even today this city arouse in me nothing but the most dismal thoughts. ... At the turn of the century, Vienna was, socially speaking, on of the most backwards cities in Europe. Dazzling riches and loathsome poverty alternated sharply.... The court with its dazzling glamour attracted wealth and intelligence from the rest of the country like a magnet. ....Outside the palaces in the Ring loitered thousands of unemployed, and beneath this Via Triumphalis of old Austria dwelt the homeless in the gloom and mud of the canals.
Contrasting to his own failures he saw the successful and prospering Jews in all fields of arts and culture, business and politics.
What had to ge reckoned heavily against he Jew in my eyes was when I became acquainted with their activity in the press, art, literature, and the theater. . .And when I learned to look for the Jew in all branches of cultural and artistic life and its various manifestations, I suddenly encountered him in a place where I would least have expected to find him. . . When I recognized the Jew as the leader of the Social Democracy, the scales dropped form my eyes. A long soul struggle had reached its conclusion.
Hitler found his scapegoats.. . .
My views with regard to anti-Semitism succumbed to the passage of time, and his was my greatest transformation of all.
Gradually, I began to hate them ( the Jews)....For me this was the time of the greatest spiritual upheaval I have ever had to go through, I had ceased to be a weak-kneed cosmopolitan and become an anti-Semite.
Hitler was deeply influenced with all those anti-Semitic pamphlets with all their myth of the soil, cult for the Nordic, and the romantic longing for the simple, heroic, idealized past. In Mein Kampf Hitler wrote:
For a few hellers (pennies) I bought the first anti-Semitic pamphlets of my life. Unfortunately, they all proceed from the supposition that in principle the reader knew or even understood the Jewish question to a certain degree. Besides, the tone for the most part was such that doubts again arose in me, due in part to the dull and amazingly unscientific arguments.
In Vienna Hitler was also introduced to the Social Darwinism subscribing to the idea that nations, people, cultures and individuals are subject to the same laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Life is a perpetual struggle, between
individuals and nations for existence, with the survival of the stronger and more brutal and the elimination of the weaker and less fit. In my Kampf Hitler writes:
Humanity will be compelled , in consequence of the impossibility of making the fertility of the soil keep pace with the continuous increase of population, to halt the increase in human race. ....Nature has not reserved the soil for the future possession of any particular nation; but for the people that have the force to take it and the industry to cultivate it.
Hitler developed an violent outlook on life; natural laws are based on violence, and only through violence and brutal force can social problems be solved. Democracy is the enemy of the people, because it inhibits brutality, and corrupts the character of the people. In Mein Kampf Hitler writes:
Either the world will be ruled according to the ideas of democracy, or the world will be dominated according to the natural law of force; in the latter case the people of brute force will be victorious.
For Hitler life was a constant struggle, a struggle between individuals, people, races, a struggle between Nordic culture- creators, and Semitic culture-destroyers.
In the eyes of Hitler the Jews were also responsible for all social vices including prostitution and white-slave traffic:
I recognized the Jew as the cold-hearted, shameless and calculating director of this revolting vice traffic in the scum of the big city, a cold shudder ran down my back...
In anti-Semitism Hitler found an explanation for his failures, a rationalization for his sufferings - the Jews and their conspiracy. The Jews were the single cause of his tensions and humiliation. Hitler adopted the crude simplistic outlook on life: the Jews are the source of all evil in this world. Hitler found a purpose in life, cleansing the German race from the clutches of the Jews. Hatred of the Jews became his obsession, his creed, faith and religion.
Hitler became also obsessed with the preservation of the purity of the Nordic race. The world is an arena for the ongoing struggle between Gog and Almagog, between the pure and the defiled, between the Aryans and the Jews. Hitler was a megalomaniac, a man with an exaggerated notion about himself, the slightest sign of disrespect or even an argument threw him into a fury and frenzy. Hitler was full of hatred and tensions, and this hatred had to find an outlet, an enemy, the Jews the capitalists and the Jews the communists, were a convenient enemy. By adapting a notion of superiority of the Aryan race he found an explanation for his overblown feeling of superiority.
There is no doubt that in Vienna Hitler acquired his basic outlook on life, his ideas about the importance of terror, the purity of the Nordic race and his rabbit anti-Semitism. There is no doubt that Hitler hated the Jews passionately, with a fervor approaching religious fanaticism. It was the foundation of his life outlook and philosophy. " Hitler's career was more closely parallel to that of a charismatic religious leader than of any conventional political leader. His feelings about the Jews in particular had the quality of a religious passion; they were dead serious convictions intimately associated with crucial events in his life, and its no exaggeration to suggest that his Jew-hatred was probably the most consistent central dimension of his chaotic personality."
There is no doubt that Hitler's anti-Semitism had deep psychological roots. But regardless of what psychological mechanism we ascribe to his pathological hatred, one important factor was Hitler's lack of sexuality, the point stressed by many observers of his entourage. For example Walter Schellenberg, describes a report in Heydrich's possession stated:
"Hitler was ruled by demonic
forces driving him that he ceased to have thoughts of normal cohabitation with a woman. The ecstasies of power in every form were sufficient for him. During his speeches he worked himself up to such orgiastic frenzies that he achieved complete emotional satisfaction.
Hitler's abnormal sexual development is an important factor in his behavior. "It is well known that Hitler's sex life was bizarre. As a young man, he repressed direct sexuality and projected his erotic energy in grandiose fantasies. In his thirties, he was consistently attracted to young childlike women who clearly resembled his mother. The could, therefore, be more easily dominated than mature women but at the same time serve as a symbolically mother figure. Waites review of the material concerning Hitler's relationship with women makes it quite clear that he had an intense, unusual effect on them, probably because of his odd sexual demands. ....Virtually every one of at least several young women who were close to Hitler attempted or succeeded in committing suicide.
In 1945 the Russian conducted an autopsy of Hitler's burned body and issued a report that Hitler had a sexual deformation, having only one testicle. " Based on a controversial Soviet medical report on Hitler's dead body which showed that he had only one testicle. Waites argues that this condition occurs frequently enough in otherwise normal males to be generally considered a minor anomaly, although it can be a source of severe anxiety. This condition was responsible for his (Hitler's) sexual repression and consequent inability to benefit from any normal form of direct sensuality. His intense grandiose ambitions, then, can be seen as an effort to compensate for basic feeling of inferiority and isolation. In this connection, his irrational hatred of the Jews, with its specific sexual references to Jews as seducers of innocent young women, also falls into place as a protective defense mechanism.
But regardless of the theories of the mechanism and the origins of his
pathological hatred, his lack of sexuality, none of the theories
explains why and how was this hatred converted into actions resulting
in the horrible reality of the Holocaust. Was this the working of
normal mind? Human history experienced many rulers that killed compulsively like Caligula, Nero, and they were all branded as madmen. Was Hitler rational or insane?