magazine.gif - 2.9 K history2.gif - 4.8 K

ALEXANDER KIMEL - HOLOCAUST UNDERSTANDING & PREVENTION

redbar1.gif
HOME - SITE


WHAT'S NEW?

REMEMBRANCE

Remebr. Day
Children
Inferno
Survivors


POETRY

Poetry
Prayers
Survivor Creed
Archivist Poetry


MEMOIRS

Autobiogr. Notes
The Shtejtl
World Collapses
The Russians.
Shtejtl survives
First Kaddish.
Out of the Grave
Yom Kippur Action
The Baby
Bunker Building
Bunker Collapses
I Almost Killed ...
Ghetto Escape
In Hiding
The Liberation.



HLC. STORIES

The Last Sermon
The Jumper
Lovers and Enemies
Shlojme the Balagule
The Fall of Sevastopol


UNDERSTANDING
The Killings
Why Jews?
Organizers
Collaborators
War against Jews
Anti-Semitism
Victims of Antisem
The Worst Camp


HLC. EDUCATION

Research Topics
Nazi Methods
Hitler - Syphilitic
Hitler the Man
Hitler & Jews
Perpetrators
Himmler
Heydrich
Goebbels
The Victims
Hlc. Syndrome
The Rescuers
Jewish Resistance
Church Silence
Nazi Revolution
Jews Abandoned

HLC PREVENTION

Hlc. Legacy
Revisionism
Jews & Germans
Jews & Poles
Other Victims
Schindler.
Courageous Christians
Other Genocides


MISCELLANEOUS

Hlc. Sites Links
Our Mail & Press

E-MAIL
  

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

Written by Alexander Kimel - Holocaust Survivor.

The Jews were persecute as a group, and only as a group could they resist. Individual armed or violent resistance was made impossible by collective responsibility imposed and violently practiced by the Germans. For every German harmed thousands of Jews were killed.

"Collective responsibility is the principle the Occupying Power practices at every step. And the same principle has been adopted by public services, such as the gas and electricity companies. If the tenant does not pay his gas bill, the rest of the tenant of the house has to pay it. Otherwise, the gas is shutoff."
Kaplan describes one incident of individual resistance and the dire consequences for the community it brought.
"From a courtyard two porters suspected of smuggling were taken out to be killed, and with them was a friend named Israelite....There were two killers. The three candidates for death, however defended themselves. They were virile men with strength in their loins, and they did not want to die in spite of the Nazis. Thus in the dark of the night a terrible wrestling match began between those who were defending their lives and the killers. The porters fought with the strength of there bodies, without weapons; the killers were armed and confident of their superiority ..before the killers had time to act, the condemned men pounced on them and tried to size the pistols. One of the pistols went off and wounded the tailor in the leg. Than the porters grabbed the Nazis by the throat and tried to strangle them. The two sides wrestled until their strength waned, and in the end the killers, who still had their weapons, were victorious...On the morrow, the Nazis avenged the mutiny of the two porters with a hundred and ten Jews . They were put to death for the sins of men who had never laid the eyes on them.
Another example of collective responsibility: In the ghetto camp of Plasow, near Cracow, two Jews escaped from a working column of a hundred people. The same day 50 Jews, every second Jew from the column, were killed.


redbar1.gif

top4.gif - 1.1 K main4.gif - 1.1 K e-mail4.gif - 1.1 K

kimel@systec.com